PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS AND PROFESSIONAL SUPPORT OF ONCOPATIENTS
Many foreign and Ukrainian studies show a positive effect of psychological therapies on improving the emotional state of cancer patients, significantly improving their quality of life. The meaning of specialized psychological care is to provide emotional, meaningful support to the patient, the formation and maintenance of motivation for treatment and recovery, training in methods of combating fear and stress, creating conditions for full psychological recovery and general well-being, helping to resolve conflicts and misunderstandings. medical staff; assistance for family members of cancer patients in this crisis situation caused by cancer. Psycho-oncological care is aimed at the patient's acceptance of his illness, adaptation to it and the development of appropriate patterns of behavior.
American scientists conducted a study on the impact of internal psychological reserves on improving the effectiveness of cancer treatment. The study found that a positive emotional mood increases the chances of recovery in the 2nd and 3rd stages by 55%, in the 4th - by 25%.
Of course, confirmation of a cancer diagnosis, hospitalization in a specialized clinic, actual treatment, the impact on the family and professional sphere is a severe stress for anyone.
Naturally, as a response to a stressful situation, most patients develop psychogenic reactions. The formation of these reactions affects the attitude of the patient and his relatives to the disease.
A medical psychologist / psychooncologist / oncopsychologist is a mandatory member of a multidisciplinary team of professional doctors at all stages of diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of a cancer patient.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR RELATIVES OF ONCOPATIENTS
Today, in countries with developed medicine, psychooncological care is provided at all stages of the disease not only to patients, but also to their families. As a result, the percentage of patients who recovered significantly increased, and the life expectancy of patients increased. Many clinics in Ukraine also already have a medical psychologist or psycho-oncologist on staff, who will help, advise, advise on how to help cope with their fears, anxieties, and teach to support a loved one.